What happens if my glucose level is too
high or low?

As a diabetic, I was advised by a Chinese Physician
that if my glucose level is not under controlled, after
10 years, I will begin to see a lot of complications.
A Western medical doctor also cautioned me to take
proper care and control my glucose level. A silent killer,
if you are a diabetic, take care too that you do not let
your high glucose level put you down that it is too late
to heal. My sister’s mother-in-law died of gangrene after
amputating her legs. A frightening sight to see her leg
rotting and stinks before amputating.

An article below for your awareness: 

What Can Happen If You Don't Control
Your Blood Glucose Levels

By John Ngijseh

You may have heard or been told that monitoring your blood
glucose (sugar) level is an essential part of managing your
diabetes but why is it so important?

Well, if you blood sugar levels are not controlled and they become
too high, over a long period of time, it could result in a range of
complications from sight loss to kidney problems and even heart
problems. If on the other hand they become too low then this
could result in a loss of consciousness or a seizure.

Good control over your blood sugar levels will help you avoid
these extremes and in the long run reduce the likelihood of
complications developing. Good control can be achieved by
monitoring blood sugar as well understanding the causes and
symptoms of too high blood sugar (hyperglycaemia) and too
low blood sugar (hypoglycaemia).

Too high blood sugar (when greater then 180mg/dl or 10mmol/L)
is called hyperglycaemia. Often this is occurs when food, activity
and medications are not balanced. The common reasons for this
include: too much food, not enough medication, stress and an
increase in weight.

The problem with hyperglycaemia is that in the early stages,
there may not be any symptoms at all and even when symptoms
do arise they may come on so slowly that they are not noticed.
As blood glucose levels rise the following symptoms may occur:
more hunger or thirst then usual, excessive urination, tiredness
and lethargy, frequent infections and blurred vision.

It is important to be aware of these symptoms but most of all to
monitor blood glucose levels so that you know when your glucose
levels are above the targets your physician has set out for you.
Usually this would be a fasting glucose of 6mmol/l or 108 mg/dl.
During times of stress, illness and weight gain it would be a good
idea to monitor blood glucose levels more often.

When blood glucose levels fall too low (less then 70mg/dl) it is
called hypoglycaemia or "hypo" for short. Hypos occur for one
reason only, there is more insulin in the body then it needs at
the time. This is true whether the insulin comes from a syringe
or from the body itself. Often the reason for this imbalance is due
to: more physical activity then usual, too much insulin or diabetic
medication, not eating on time or enough and drinking alcohol.

With hypos it is very important to be able to recognize the symptoms
to allow you to take action quickly as your condition can deteriorate
quickly. The symptoms can vary from person to person and anyone
with diabetes should be familiar with his or her individual symptoms.
The early symptoms might include: sweating, hunger, irritable,
shaking, dry mouth, dizziness, a feeling of weakness, headache
and confusion. If untreated, diabetics could become confused and
disorientated, lose consciousness and could have a seizure.

In such a situation you will need help of others.

To learn more about what to do if you experience hypoglycaemia
visit the link below on “Treating Hypoglycaemia”.

In summary, good control results in a happy diabetic life. The key
to good control is knowing what could cause your blood sugar to
go up or down, recognizing the symptoms of hypers and hypos
and monitoring your blood glucose levels so you know what
YOUR blood glucose levels should be.

 

Click on this link for information on Treating Hypoglycaemia

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